Generally speaking, renewable energy is the power created from non-pollutant sources. But, these setups often come with limitations.
In this article, we explore all the green energy options available to you right now.
Solar is by far the most popular green energy solution. Everybody wants to offset power bills. And installing a sun-powered system seems like a great option.
Solar panels feature photovoltaic cells that turn sunshine into electricity. While they might not be 100% efficient, they can do the job just fine. Also, there are no moving parts in a solar panel system, and that means there is no wear and tear.
Overall, solar power is the #1 source of renewable energy that you can set up almost anywhere on earth.
The wind has always been a source of energy for humans. It is used to sail, pump water, and mill grain. Now, it is one of the leading sources of renewable energy. And the design has remained mostly unchanged. They look like big fans with turbines that convert kinetic energy into electricity.
The amount of power produced by these devices depends on the size. And, it is one of the few renewable energy sources that governments are taking seriously.
Unlike fossil fuels, biomass is a more sustainable and cheaper fuel to produce. The raw material can be plant-based or bio waste, and the result is a flammable gas. Biomass power can be used for cooking or powering generators. However, you need a lot of raw materials to make any meaningful output.
Conversely, fossil fuels take millions of years to form. When burnt, these fuels produce a bunch of harmful gases that damage our health and the ozone.
Tidal power is one of the most underrated sources of energy. But it can only work for places with predictable tide timetables. Here is how it works.
People place floating turbines in the way of tides. And the rising water ploughs these devices which, in turn, produce electricity. Similarly, underwater turbines can also work. They sit where the current flows, turning them to create an electric current.
Some places are lucky enough to access the earth’s energy. This natural power heats the underground water tables, producing scorching vapour. This steam goes to turbines, and the result is an uninterrupted power supply. This setup works for as long as the water table has water.
Still, only places such as the US, Indonesia, and Philipines can use geothermal power.
The Bottom Line
In conclusion, there is no perfect renewable energy. It all depends on the location, budget, and intended use. For example, a solar system might be enough to run a household, but it can’t power a small factory.